THE IMPORTANCE OF PLATOʼS POLITICAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL APPROACHES ON THE FORMS OF GOVERNMENT AT THE CONTEMPORARY EPOCH
Since Antiquity we have been concerned with the research of forms of government, looking for the answer to the question: How to organize the life of the polis so that all the inhabitants are happy? Deeply interested in this question, the great ancient philosopher Plato studied five forms of government. The great thinker analyzed in depth the concept of the form of government, as the organization of state power, in his works, finally affirming that it is precisely the change in people's mentality, character, personality that produces change in the social order, not the other way around. The philosopher's ideas are essential for the science of law, in general, and for that of constitutional law, in particular: the thinker highlights the fundamental principles of good governance, including the good of each citizen, in relation to that of society. overall, the importance of education and training in the development of society, as well as the qualities of the civil servant, who must act in the general interest. In the context of this study, we sought to analyze the relevance of the concepts of form of government and good government from Plato's point of view, in the contemporary world.
Keywords: constitution, law, forms of government, politia, good governance.