CRIME AND SOCIAL CONTROL IN RURAL COMMUNITIES FROM ROMANIA DURING THE 1980’s AND AFTER THE REVOLUTION OF 1989
This study aims to identify the distribution and the main characteristics of the criminality in the rural communities, mainly of crimes committed with violence and against property, in order to draw an overview regarding the etiology of this antisocial phenomenon. The analysis includes penal statistics published by the courts, from the dictatorship period (1980−1989), after December 1989 (1990−2019), studies and researches made by the Public Prosecutor from the High Court of Cassation and Justice (1990−1989) and by the Institute for research and criminality prevention from the Police General Inspectorate (2000−2006). These can be used as a starting point for future complex sociological studies, able to offer explanations regarding the evolution and prediction of the rural criminality. The data presented require caution and prudence in their usage and understanding. If for the dictatorship period the information was mediated by censorship, ignorance and ideology, the official data post-1989 include a limited series of results, the official ones being offered by the authorized institutions, and by a reduced number of available research in the field.
Keywords: criminality, social deviance, crimes, rural, urban.