THE NORMATIVE PARADIGM AND THE EXERCISE OF POWER DURING THE COMMUNIST REGIME IN ROMANIA (1948–1989)
The establishment of communism in Eastern Europe had to also have a legal and political consecration, by using apparently democratic constitutions, reflecting the “legalization” of communist power. Romania has not made an exception to this line, having, in almost 45 years, three socialist constitutions. The first two led to the establishment of the Stalinist dictatorship and the transition to a planned economy, the last one (from 1965), establishing the monopoly of state leadership by the Communist Party, the head of the party becoming the supreme authority in the state, leading to the cult of personality and the social revolt against monocracy and authoritarianism.
Keywords: socialist society, totalitarianism, constitution, popular democracy, proletarian dictatorship.